Anesthesia and Patient Monitoring

Making sure our patients remain safe during surgery and other medical procedures is extremely important to us. Our team of veterinarians and veterinary technicians is skilled in using anesthesia and monitoring patients to ensure their safety and provide the most comfortable experience. Anesthesia and patient monitoring vary greatly from clinic to clinic. You can be confident that we use the most effective and up-to-date protocols. The type of anesthesia we use depends on the procedure. Some require general anesthesia, while others may only call for local anesthesia. We also closely monitor every procedure, regardless of whether it’s routine or more advanced. For more specific information on our protocols, please see the individual descriptions or contact us with any questions.



Going to the veterinary clinic should be a fun and fear-free experience. Talk to our staff about how to prepare your pet for veterinary visits. This may even include treatment with pheromones or even sedative medication that can implemented at home, prior to your visit at the clinic.

If travel, thunder, or fireworks upset your pet, he or she may benefit from tranquilization or sedation. While sedated, the animal will stay awake or sleep lightly but can be roused when stimulated. To minimize any potential risk associated with tranquilization or sedation, we need to assess each animal individually before we dispense these medications.

Please contact us at (519) 472-3770 if you would like to set up an assessment or discuss sedation with us.

General Anesthesia


For some procedures, your pet will need to be administered general anesthesia so that he or she will be unconscious and not feel pain. Many pet owners worry about their pets being administered general anesthesia. We can assure you that modern anesthesia is generally quite safe; to further lower any risk, Byron Animal Clinic performs a physical examination and run blood work ahead of time to catch any underlying health issues. In addition, we follow a specific anesthetic protocol, including monitoring vital signs during the procedure, to ensure the safety of our patients.

At Byron Animal Clinic, we have highly trained Registered Veterinary Technicians use their skills to carefully monitor each patient under general anesthesia. We also use monitors that track heart rate, EKG, respiratory rate, blood oxygen, blood carbon dioxide, blood pressure, and body temperature. We administer intravenous fluids and warm those fluids and well as they patient using special heating pads and warm blankets. You pet is in very good hands when under general anesthesia with us.

We begin most general anesthetic procedures by sending oral sedatives to be administered by the pet owner at home. By administering an oral sedative we help the pet relax and decrease any anxiety and pain. We then administer a pre-med anesthetic by intramuscular injection to deepen the relaxation and sedation. We then administer an intravenous drug to provide complete induction of anesthesia so we can place a breathing tube into the patient’s trachea (windpipe). To maintain the state of unconsciousness, we deliver a gas anesthetic in combination with oxygen through the breathing tube.

Please contact us at (519) 472-3770 if you have any questions or concerns about your pet receiving general anesthesia or about the procedure for which your pet is scheduled.

Local Anesthesia


If your pet is having a minor surgical or diagnostic procedure performed, we sometimes use a local anesthetic to help control pain. For example, when we perform a biopsy (in which a small portion of tissue is surgically removed so it can be examined), we often use a local anesthetic. Local anesthetics cause a loss of sensation in the area where the procedure is being performed. We sometimes use a sedative and/or anxiolytic (anti-anxiety medication) in combination with the local anesthetic to keep pets calm during a procedure.

At Byron Animal Clinic, we also make use of local anesthetic during most major surgeries. Local anesthetics are the only medication that can prevent pain activation 100%. All other pain medications attempt to minimize pain after it occurs. Local anesthetics attempt to stop pain before it even happens. Our veterinarians are trained to use local blocks in both soft tissue surgery and dental surgery. We even employ its use in most routine spays and neuters. We care about animals and will do anything we can to eliminate or minimize their pain.

Please contact us at (519) 472-3770 if you have any questions or concerns about your pet receiving local anesthesia or about the procedure for which your pet is scheduled.